There are two possibilities, a hit (event occurred — success) or miss (event did not occur — failure). A yes or a no. These events can be represented as a sequence of 0’s and 1’s called Bernoulli trials with a probability of occurrence of p. This probability is constant over all the trials, and the trials itself are assumed to be independent, i.e., the occurrence of one event does not influence the occurrence of the subsequent event.
In lesson 31, we discuss the fundamentals of Bernoulli trials. They form the basis for deriving several discrete probability distributions that we will learn over the next several weeks.